Click the audio play button above to hear Jon talk about the Meg to Miles.

Click the audio play button above to hear what Jon wants you to do…

Years ago there used to be tables printed on the back of school exercise books that went like this:-
12 Inches
= 1 Foot
3 Feet
= 1 Yard
5 ½ Yards
= 1 Rod, Pole or Perch
4 Poles
= 1 Chain
10 Chains
= 1 Furlong
8 Furlongs
= 1 Mile
3 Miles
= 1 League
Usually, for good measure (ouch), they also gave the units used by surveyors.
7.92 Inches
= 1 Link
100 Inches
= 1 Chain
60 Chains
= 1 Mile
Wales
5760’
1920 yards
Scotland
5952’
1964 yards
Ireland
6720’
2240 yards
Cheshire
7680’
2560 yards
So that’s why country miles are longer!
Let’s see what measures give us a starting point :-
4 M Corns
= 1 M Inch
5 M Corns
= 1 M Thumb
4 M Thumbs
= 1 M Hand
=
20
M Corns
8 M Hands
= 1 M Yard
=
160
M Corns
20 M Hands
= 1 M Rod
=
400
M Corns
= 2½ M Yards

I
also
include
some
other
interesting
illustrations
based
on
the
ideas
of
Gyorgy
Doczi
in
his
book “The Power of Limits” which may further illuminate these concepts.

Plan of Stonehenge - Mid Summer Sunrise at top

There
are
more
units
that
might
be
worth
including
with
this
series
which
I
kept
to
a
minimum
for
clarity,
they are:-
Corns
Thumbs
Hands Yards
Rods
2 hands
= 1 M Span
40
8
2
3 hands
= 1 M Foot
60
12
3
4 hands
= ½ M Yard
80
16
4
6 hands
= 1 M Ell
120
24
6
200 hands = 1 M Chain
4000
800
200
25
10
M = Megalithic
M Corn
= .204”
= .017’
= 5.18mm
M Inch
= .816”
= .068’
= 20.72mm
M Thumb
= 1.02”
= .085’
= 25.90mm
M Hand
= 4.08”
= .340’
= 103.6mm
M Foot
= 12.24”
= 1.02’
= 310.8mm
M ½ Yard
= 16.32”
= 1.36’
= 414.4mm
M Cubit
= 20.4”
= 1.70’
= 518.0mm
M Ell
= 24.48”
= 2.04’
= 621.6mm
M Yard
= 32.64”
= 2.72’
= 828.8mm
M Fathom
= 65.28”
= 5.44’
= 1650mm
M Rod
= 81.6”
= 6.8’
= 2070mm
M Pole
= 163.2”
= 13.6’
= 4140mm
M Cord
= 408.0”
= 34.0’
= 10.36m
M Chain
= 816.0”
= 68.0’
= 20.72m
M Furlong
= 8,160.0”
= 680’
= 207.2m
M Mile
= 65,280”
= 5,440’
= 1.657km
M league
= 195,840”
= 16,320’
= 4.970km
Years ago there used to be tables printed on the back of school exercise books that went like this:-
12 Inches
= 1 Foot
3 Feet
= 1 Yard
5 ½ Yards
= 1 Rod, Pole or Perch
4 Poles
= 1 Chain
10 Chains
= 1 Furlong
8 Furlongs
= 1 Mile
3 Miles
= 1 League
Usually, for good measure (ouch), they also gave the units used by surveyors.
7.92 Inches
= 1 Link
100 Inches
= 1 Chain
60 Chains
= 1 Mile
Wales
5760’
1920 yards
Scotland
5952’
1964 yards
Ireland
6720’
2240 yards
Cheshire
7680’
2560 yards
So that’s why country miles are longer!

Corns
Thumbs
Hands
Yards
Rods
4 corns
= 1 M Inch
4
5 corns
= 1 M Thumb
5
1
4 thumbs
= 1 M Hand
20
4
1
5 hands
= 1 M Cubit
100
20
5
8 hands
= 1 M Yard
160
32
8
1
2 yards
= 1 M Fathom
320
64
16
2
20 hands
= 1 M Rod
400
80
20
2 ½
1
2 rods
= 1 M Pole
800
160
40
5
2
50 rods
= 1 M Cord
2000
400
100
12 ½
50
100 rods
= 1 M Furlong
40000
8000
2000
250
100
8 furlongs
= 1 M Mile
320000
64000
16000
2000
800

One
final
serendipitous
coincidence
happened
for
me
at
the
time
when
I
was
preparing
the
early
drafts
of
this
article.
I’d
moved
house
and
wanted
to
send
out
a
change
of
address
card.
Because
the
new
house
was
a
bit
“out
in
the
wilds,
in
the
middle
of
nowhere”
as
a
friend
put
it,
a
map
seemed
like
a
useful
complement
to
the
address
details.
Because
both
Stonehenge
and
Avebury
feature
strongly
among
my
interests
and
are
not
far
away
they
were
included…

Then,
to
my
total
surprise,
we
spotted
that
they
were
both
equidistant
from
the
new
house
and
from
each
other.
A
great
equilateral
triangle
stretched
across
the
landscape
with
me
on
the
eastern
apex.
When
I
measured
the
length
along
the
sides
it
was
16
½
miles.
Now
16
½
x
5280
=
87120
feet
=
16.011
Megalithic
Miles,
16
for
all
practical
purposes.
It
would
be
nice
to
have
really
accurate
survey
figures
to
check
this
but
for
the
time
being
I’m
pleased
with
the
notion
and
synchronicity.
By
the
way,
John
Michell
says
that
the
distance
from
Silbury
to
Stonehenge
is
86400
feet
=15.88 M Miles. Still close.

As
a
further
curiosity,
which
I’m
a
bit
reluctant
to
introduce,
the
same
numbers
divided
by
3
produce
the
following
puzzling
result
:-
44.44,
88.88,
17.77
and
22.22.
This
looks
suggestive,
but
of
what
I’m
not
sure
yet.
Has
anyone
reading
this
got
any
ideas?
Well
even
though
it
has
only
scratched
the
surface
of
this
complex
and
fascinating
subject
that
was
a
rather
long
excursion
round
the
numbers.
My
purpose
was
just
to
provide
the
background
to
the
table
of
measures
that
follow.
Because,
placed
baldly
on
the
page
it
might
warrant
the
response
of
“So
what?”.
The
answer
to
that
question
lies
in
the
fact
that
it
would
appear
that
the
measures
of
5000
years
ago
still
bear
a
relationship
to
the
system
we
were
using
in
this
country
until
very
recently,
before
we
went
Metric.
That
would
be
an
amazing
and
thought provoking survival.
These
thoughts
started
when
I
wondered
whether
the
long
dimension
of
12
½
MY
or
100
M
Hands,
used
for
a
unit
of
perimeter
in
the
stone
circles
studied
by
Thom,
was
used
in
larger
multiples.
Furthermore,
since
the
circumference
of
the
circles
went
in
units
of
100
M
Hands
perhaps
hundreds
of
some
other
unit
might
have
been
used.
Now
100
M
Rods
equal
680
feet
and
there
are
660
feet
in
a
furlong.
An
interesting
coincidence!
Out
of
all
this
came
the
table
below.
I
hope
you
find
it
as
interesting as I do.

The
5:8
relationship
springing
from
the
diamond
shape
formed
from
four
3,4,5
triangles
put
together
is
also
significant
in
understanding
another
problem.
This
was
brought
to
light
by
the
mathematical
analyses
of
site
dimensions
done
independently
by
Broadbent,
Kendall
and
Freeman
who
all
identified
a
quantum
for
Scottish
circles
of
2
MY
at
1.66m.
However
in
examining
the
English
and
Welsh
circles
they
found
another
quantum
appearing.
This
was
1.63m
or
1.66
MY.
The
only
way
these
two
numbers
can
be
related
to
one
another is through the same diamond shape.
The
ratio
is
5:6
or
1:1.2.
By
the
way
I’m
still
wondering
how
the
Bush
Barrow
lozenge
fits
in
here, that’s another story in itself.
Expressed
in
Megalithic
units
the
English
quantum
appeared
to
be
13.334
M
Hands,
266.6
M
Corns,53.32
M
Thumbs
or
66.65
M
Inches.
None
of
these
dimensions
looks
at
all
rational
and
I
felt
uncomfortable
with
the
apparent
lack
of
connection
with
any
other
measure.
Then,
as
they
say
the
light
dawned.
Multiplied
by
3
these
figures
become
40.002
M
Hands,
799.9
M
Corns,
159.96
M
Thumbs
and
199.95
M
Inches.
These
looked
like
very
close
approximations
of
40,
800,
160
and
200
Corns
respectively.
In
terms
of
the
MY
the
figure
is
4.98
or
5.
It
now
appears
that
the
designers
and
users
of
the
English,
Welsh
and
perhaps
Irish
stone
circles
used
both
a
5
MY
(40
hands)
and
a
2
MY
(16
hands)
unit
in
setting
them
out.
In
Scotland
however
the
2
MY
unit
was
almost
always
the
only
one
used.
Once
again
the
5
factor
from
the
diamond
comes
into
play
and
the
3
appears
as
the
integrating factor…

One
final
serendipitous
coincidence
happened
for
me
at
the
time
when
I
was
preparing
the
early
drafts
of
this
article.
I’d
moved
house
and
wanted
to
send
out
a
change
of
address
card.
Because
the
new
house
was
a
bit
“out
in
the
wilds,
in
the
middle
of
nowhere”
as
a
friend
put
it,
a
map
seemed
like
a
useful
complement
to
the
address
details.
Because
both
Stonehenge
and
Avebury
feature
strongly
among
my
interests
and
are
not
far
away
they
were
included.
Then,
to
my
total
surprise,
we
spotted
that
they
were
both
equidistant
from
the
new
house
and
from
each
other.
A
great
equilateral
triangle stretched across the landscape with me on
the
eastern
apex.
When
I
measured
the
length
along
the
sides
it
was
16
½
miles.
Now
16
½
x
5280
=
87120
feet
=
16.011
Megalithic
Miles,
16
for
all
practical
purposes.
It
would
be
nice
to
have
really
accurate
survey
figures
to
check
this
but
for
the
time
being
I’m
pleased
with
the
notion
and
synchronicity.
By
the
way,
John
Michell
says
that
the
distance
from
Silbury
to
Stonehenge
is
86400
feet
=15.88 M Miles. Still close.

All
that
I
can
say
in
conclusion
is
that
it
would
seem
to
be
well
worth
while
for
anyone
interested
to
check
the
dimensions
recorded
for
as
many
of
the
larger
Bronze
Age,
Megalithic
and
earlier
Neolithic
monuments
and
landscape
related
sites
as
possible.
This
should
be
done
to
see
whether
they
show
any
evidence
of
the
use
of
the
large
units
I
have
proposed
in
their
plans
or
elevations.
I
have
started
this
process
but
won’t,
at
this
stage,
comment
except
to
say
that
things
are
looking
interesting.
It’s
also
important
to
acknowledge
the
many
writers
whose
work
has
provided
elements
of
the
picture
now
built
up
of
the
most
ancient
system
of
measurement
we
can
identify
in
these
islands.
Not
the
least
of
whom
are
John
Michell,
John
North,
Nigel Pennick and Alexander Thom.

Not
much
easier
than
my
proposals
above,
I
feel.
However,
the
users
of
these
measures
found
them
quick
and
convenient
to
use
and
could
do
mental
arithmetic with them without recourse to writing…

There
are
some
other
intriguing
old
measurements
that are worth consideration. The mile for instance
wasn’t
standardised
until
quite
late.
In
Elizabethan
times
it
was
commonly
taken
as
5000
feet
not
the
present
5280
feet.
In
other
parts
of
the
British
Isles
other values were accepted.

In
her
original
article
“Megalithic
Inches
Ru
le,
OK”
Margaret
Curtis
described
some
other
ancient
measuring
sticks
found
in
Denmark.
These
are
divided
into
units
of
one
fifth
of
a
MY.
That
is
6.53
inches. This represents 32 M Corns and 8 M Inches.

As
I
have
studied
and
worked
with
the
units
used
in
the
earliest
days
of
the
Megalithic
period
and
back
into
the
Neolithic
it
has
become
more
evident
that
many
of
them
were
integrated
by
the
relationship
set
by
the
“Pythagorean”
right
angled
triangle.
As
I
showed above this is exemplified by this diagram.

It
begins
to
look
as
if
there
is
more
than
one
“system”
of
interrelated
subdivisions
mixed
together
here.
Through
all
of
them
the
M
Corn
seems to provide a common denominator.

For
interest
he
following
list
shows
all
the
units
of
length
in
terms
of
feet
and
inches,
decimals
of
a
foot and, for the infidels, Metres.

Not
much
easier
than
my
proposals
above,
I
feel.
However,
the
users
of
these
measures
found
them
quick
and
convenient
to
use
and
could
do
mental
arithmetic with them without recourse to writing.

There
are
some
other
intriguing
old
measurements
that
are
worth
consideration.
The
mile
for
instance
wasn’t
standardised
until
quite
late.
In
Elizabethan
times
it
was
commonly
taken
as
5000
feet
not
the
present
5280
feet.
In
other
parts
of
the
British
Isles
other values were accepted.

Click the audio play button above to hear Jon talk about Meg to mile

Years
ago
there
used
to
be
tables
printed
on
the
back
of
school exercise books that went like this:-
12 Inches
= 1 Foot
3 Feet
= 1 Yard
5 ½ Yards
= 1 Rod, Pole or Perch
4 Poles
= 1 Chain
10 Chains
= 1 Furlong
8 Furlongs
= 1 Mile
3 Miles
= 1 League
Usually,
for
good
measure
(ouch),
they
also
gave
the
units used by surveyors.
7.92 Inches
= 1 Link
100 Inches
= 1 Chain
60 Chains
= 1 Mile
Not
much
easier
than
my
proposals
above,
I
feel.
However,
the
users
of
these
measures
found
them
quick
and
convenient
to
use
and
could
do
mental
arithmetic with them without recourse to writing.
There
are
some
other
intriguing
old
measurements
that
are
worth
consideration.
The
mile
for
instance
wasn’t
standardised
until
quite
late.
In
Elizabethan
times
it
was
commonly
taken
as
5000
feet
not
the
present
5280
feet.
In
other
parts
of
the
British
Isles
other
values
were
accepted.
Wales
5760’
1920 yards
Scotland
5952’
1964 yards
Ireland
6720’
2240 yards
Cheshire
7680’
2560 yards
So that’s why country miles are longer!
One
final
serendipitous
coincidence
happened
for
me
at
the
time
when
I
was
preparing
the
early
drafts
of
this
article.
I’d
moved
house
and
wanted
to
send
out
a
change
of
address
card.
Because
the
new
house
was
a
bit
“out
in
the
wilds,
in
the
middle
of
nowhere”
as
a
friend
put
it,
a
map
seemed
like
a
useful
complement
to
the
address
details.
Because
both
Stonehenge
and
Avebury
feature
strongly
among
my
interests
and
are
not
far
away
they
were
included.
Then,
to
my
total
surprise,
we
spotted
that
they
were
both
equidistant
from
the
new
house
and
from
each
other.
A
great
equilateral
triangle
stretched
across
the
landscape
with
me
on
the
eastern
apex.
When
I
measured
the
length
along
the
sides
it
was
16
½
miles.
Now
16
½
x
5280
=
87120
feet
=
16.011
Megalithic
Miles,
16
for
all
practical
purposes.
It
would
be
nice
to
have
really
accurate
survey
figures
to
check
this
but
for
the
time
being
I’m
pleased
with
the
notion
and
synchronicity.
By
the
way,
John
Michell
says
that
the
distance
from
Silbury
to
Stonehenge is 86400 feet =15.88 M Miles. Still close.
Let’s see what measures give us a starting point :-
4 M Corns
= 1 M Inch
5 M Corns
= 1 M Thumb
4 M Thumbs = 1 M Hand =
20
M Corns
8 M Hands
= 1 M Yard
=
160
M Corns
20 M Hands
= 1 M Rod
=
400
M Corns
=
2½
M Yards

I
also
include
some
other
interesting
illustrations
based
on
the
ideas
of
Gyorgy
Doczi
in
his
book
“The
Power
of
Limits”
which
may
further
illuminate
these
concepts.

Plan of Stonehenge - Mid Summer Sunrise at top

In
her
original
article
“Megalithic
Inches
Ru
le,
OK”
Margaret
Curtis
described
some
other
ancient
measuring
sticks
found
in
Denmark.
These
are
divided
into
units
of
one
fifth
of
a
MY.
That
is
6.53
inches.
This
represents 32 M Corns and 8 M Inches.
As I have studied and worked with the units used in the
earliest
days
of
the
Megalithic
period
and
back
into
the
Neolithic
it
has
become
more
evident
that
many
of
them
were
integrated
by
the
relationship
set
by
the
“Pythagorean”
right
angled
triangle.
As
I
showed
above
this is exemplified by this diagram.

The
5:8
relationship
springing
from
the
diamond
shape
formed
from
four
3,4,5
triangles
put
together
is
also
significant
in
understanding
another
problem.
This
was
brought
to
light
by
the
mathematical
analyses
of
site
dimensions
done
independently
by
Broadbent,
Kendall
and
Freeman
who
all
identified
a
quantum
for
Scottish
circles
of
2
MY
at
1.66m.
However
in
examining
the
English
and
Welsh
circles
they
found
another
quantum
appearing.
This
was
1.63m
or
1.66
MY.
The
only
way
these
two
numbers
can
be
related
to
one
another
is
through the same diamond shape.
The
ratio
is
5:6
or
1:1.2.
By
the
way
I’m
still
wondering
how
the
Bush
Barrow
lozenge
fits
in
here,
that’s
another
story in itself.
Expressed
in
Megalithic
units
the
English
quantum
appeared
to
be
13.334
M
Hands,
266.6
M
Corns,53.32
M
Thumbs
or
66.65
M
Inches.
None
of
these
dimensions
looks
at
all
rational
and
I
felt
uncomfortable
with
the
apparent
lack
of
connection
with
any
other
measure.
Then,
as
they
say
the
light
dawned.
Multiplied
by
3
these
figures
become
40.002
M
Hands,
799.9
M
Corns,
159.96
M
Thumbs
and
199.95
M
Inches.
These
looked
like
very
close
approximations
of
40,
800,
160
and
200
Corns
respectively.
In
terms
of
the
MY
the
figure
is
4.98
or
5.
It
now
appears
that
the
designers
and
users
of
the
English,
Welsh
and
perhaps
Irish
stone
circles
used
both
a
5
MY
(40
hands)
and
a
2
MY
(16
hands)
unit
in
setting
them
out.
In
Scotland
however
the
2
MY
unit
was
almost
always
the
only
one
used.
Once
again
the
5
factor
from
the
diamond
comes
into
play
and
the
3
appears as the integrating factor.
As
a
further
curiosity,
which
I’m
a
bit
reluctant
to
introduce,
the
same
numbers
divided
by
3
produce
the
following
puzzling
result
:-
44.44,
88.88,
17.77
and
22.22.
This
looks
suggestive,
but
of
what
I’m
not
sure
yet.
Has
anyone reading this got any ideas?
Well
even
though
it
has
only
scratched
the
surface
of
this
complex
and
fascinating
subject
that
was
a
rather
long
excursion
round
the
numbers.
My
purpose
was
just
to
provide
the
background
to
the
table
of
measures
that
follow.
Because,
placed
baldly
on
the
page
it
might
warrant
the
response
of
“So
what?”.
The
answer
to
that
question
lies
in
the
fact
that
it
would
appear
that
the
measures
of
5000
years
ago
still
bear
a
relationship
to
the
system
we
were
using
in
this
country
until
very
recently,
before
we
went
Metric.
That
would
be
an
amazing and thought provoking survival.
These
thoughts
started
when
I
wondered
whether
the
long
dimension
of
12
½
MY
or
100
M
Hands,
used
for
a
unit
of
perimeter
in
the
stone
circles
studied
by
Thom,
was
used
in
larger
multiples.
Furthermore,
since
the
circumference
of
the
circles
went
in
units
of
100
M
Hands
perhaps
hundreds
of
some
other
unit
might
have
been
used.
Now
100
M
Rods
equal
680
feet
and
there
are
660
feet
in
a
furlong.
An
interesting
coincidence!
Out
of
all
this
came
the
table
below.
I
hope
you find it as interesting as I do.
There
are
more
units
that
might
be
worth
including
with
this
series
which
I
kept
to
a
minimum
for
clarity,
they
are:-
It
begins
to
look
as
if
there
is
more
than
one
“system”
of
interrelated
subdivisions
mixed
together
here.
Through
all
of
them
the
M
Corn
seems
to
provide
a
common
denominator.
For
interest
The
following
list
shows
all
the
units
of
length
in
terms
of
feet
and
inches,
decimals
of
a
foot
and, for the infidels, Metres.
Years
ago
there
used
to
be
tables
printed
on
the
back
of
school exercise books that went like this:-
12 Inches
= 1 Foot
3 Feet
= 1 Yard
5 ½ Yards
= 1 Rod, Pole or Perch
4 Poles
= 1 Chain
10 Chains
= 1 Furlong
8 Furlongs
= 1 Mile
3 Miles
= 1 League
Usually,
for
good
measure
(ouch),
they
also
gave
the
units used by surveyors.
7.92 Inches
= 1 Link
100 Inches
= 1 Chain
60 Chains
= 1 Mile
Not
much
easier
than
my
proposals
above,
I
feel.
However,
the
users
of
these
measures
found
them
quick
and
convenient
to
use
and
could
do
mental
arithmetic with them without recourse to writing.
There
are
some
other
intriguing
old
measurements
that
are
worth
consideration.
The
mile
for
instance
wasn’t
standardised
until
quite
late.
In
Elizabethan
times
it
was
commonly
taken
as
5000
feet
not
the
present
5280
feet.
In
other
parts
of
the
British
Isles
other
values
were
accepted.
Wales
5760’
1920 yards
Scotland
5952’
1964 yards
Ireland
6720’
2240 yards
Cheshire
7680’
2560 yards
So that’s why country miles are longer!
One
final
serendipitous
coincidence
happened
for
me
at
the
time
when
I
was
preparing
the
early
drafts
of
this
article.
I’d
moved
house
and
wanted
to
send
out
a
change
of
address
card.
Because
the
new
house
was
a
bit
“out
in
the
wilds,
in
the
middle
of
nowhere”
as
a
friend
put
it,
a
map
seemed
like
a
useful
complement
to
the
address
details.
Because
both
Stonehenge
and
Avebury
feature
strongly
among
my
interests
and
are
not
far
away
they
were
included.
Then,
to
my
total
surprise,
we
spotted
that
they
were
both
equidistant
from
the
new
house
and
from
each
other.
A
great
equilateral
triangle
stretched
across
the
landscape
with
me
on
the
eastern
apex.
When
I
measured
the
length
along
the
sides
it
was
16
½
miles.
Now
16
½
x
5280
=
87120
feet
=
16.011
Megalithic
Miles,
16
for
all
practical
purposes.
It
would
be
nice
to
have
really
accurate
survey
figures
to
check
this
but
for
the
time
being
I’m
pleased
with
the
notion
and
synchronicity.
By
the
way,
John
Michell
says
that
the
distance
from
Silbury
to
Stonehenge is 86400 feet =15.88 M Miles. Still close.
All
that
I
can
say
in
conclusion
is
that
it
would
seem
to
be
well
worth
while
for
anyone
interested
to
check
the
dimensions
recorded
for
as
many
of
the
larger
Bronze
Age,
Megalithic
and
earlier
Neolithic
monuments
and
landscape
related
sites
as
possible.
This
should
be
done
to
see
whether
they
show
any
evidence
of
the
use
of
the
large
units
I
have
proposed
in
their
plans
or
elevations.
I
have
started
this
process
but
won’t,
at
this
stage,
comment
except
to
say
that
things
are
looking
interesting.
It’s
also
important
to
acknowledge
the
many
writers
whose
work
has
provided
elements
of
the
picture
now
built
up
of
the
most
ancient
system
of
measurement
we
can
identify
in
these
islands.
Not
the
least
of
whom
are
John
Michell,
John
North,
Nigel
Pennick and Alexander Thom.